About Vietnam

Local Information

  • MONEY : The Vietnamese đồng (៛ or VND) is the currency of Vietnam. Most major currencies can be exchanged at leading banks in Vietnam. Most land border crossings now have some sort of official currency exchange, offering the best rates available in these remote parts of the country.
  • VISAS : Tourist visas allow visitors to enter and exit Vietnam at Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Danang airports airports or at any of its plentiful land borders, shared with Cambodia, China and Laos. Tourist visas are valid for a single 30-day stay.
  • ELECTRICITY : 220 V; Plugs A, C & G. Type A is the norm in Southern Vietnam and Type C is the norm in Northern Vietnam. Type G is found only in some hotels.
  • DIALING CODE : +84
  • TIME ZONE : GMT/UTC+07:00.
  • GETTING THERE & AWAY : There are three international airports in Viet­nam. Tan Son Nhat airport serves Ho Chi Minh City and is Vietnam’s busiest international air hub. Hanoi’s Noi Bai airport is the destination of choice for those concentrating on northern Vietnam, while a handful of international flights also serve Danang airport, a useful gateway to the charms of central Vietnam.
  • PUBLIC HOLIDAYS : Tết (Vietnamese New Year) Largest holiday of the year, occurs around late January-early February.

    – Hello : Xin chào. (seen chow)

    – Thank you : Cảm ơn. (kuhm uhhn)

Vietnam Population

2004 Estimate 81,580,000
1991 66,890,000
1991-2004 CAAG 1.5%
Life Expectancy 70 Years
Major Religions Buddhist
Hoa Hao
Cao Dai
Christian
Ethnic Groups Vietnamese 90%
Chinese
Hmong
Thai
Khmer
Cham
Literacy (15+ can read & write) Male – 96.5%
Female – 91.2%
Total – 93.7%

Geography

Land Area 329,560 km²

Northern Vietnam is monsoonal with two distinct seasons – hot and wet summers (May to October) and cool and dry winters (November to April).

Central Vietnam is more temperate in the coastal areas and cooler in the highlands. In the coastal areas the weather is warm and reasonable dry (May to September) and cooler in the winter with heavy monsoonal rains in late September and October.

Southern Vietnam is tropical and fairly consistently hot and humid all year round with the rainy season between May and November.

Government

Communist State

President elected by the National Assembly from among its members for a five-year term. Prime Minister appointed by the President from among the members of the National Assembly.

National Assembly consists of 498 seats with members elected by popular vote for 5-year terms (need to be approved by the CVP)


Weather

Average Monthly Temperature in Hanoi
Temperature in Hanoi

Average Monthly Rainfall in Hanoi
Rainfall in Hanoi

Map 5 Lands

Vietnam Five Lands Map

Northern Mountainous Land

Northeast and Northwest The most beautiful mountainous and Ethnic people land. Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province The Sapa town, in the food of Hoang Lien Son mountain range look up to the highest mountain in Vietnam, Fansipang mountain, which called “the Alp” of Vietnam by French with an altitude of 3.143m. Marvelous rice terraces and ethnics villages along the Muong Hoa river. Ancient carving stone field. The ideal land for…

Center

Center The Vietnamese center – Beaches and world Heritages land! Phong Nha World Heritage The unique amazing natural beauty of combination between water, sand beach, stalactite and stalagmite in the longest water cave of the world. Phong Nha national park, the World natural Heritage of the cave explored by British geology association which pointed with 7 best features for a cave in the world. The national park where Ho Chi…

Central Highland

Central Highland Imposing Tay Nguyen – “Rong” communal house. Elephant and coffee land! Da Lat City, Lam Dong Province Da Lat the city of flowers and flower festival. Mountain European mansions style city in pine hill area of Langbiang plateau with1500m above sea level. The list of beautiful buildings: Da Lat university, rain way station, 3 mansions of Bao Dai King, churches and plenty of houses. The land of flowers…

Mekong Delta

Mekong Delta The south – Fertile land of rice and fruit! Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh city is the simple for Vietnam development and prosperity. Ho Chi Minh city today, the biggest city in Vietnam is the center of commercial and economy of Mekong region and the whole country. In the history it called Sai Gon, the old name of the capital of the South during Vietnam war.…

Red River Delta

Red River Delta The northern flat land – Original cultural land! Ha Noi 1000 years old cultural city with plenty of ancient monuments, museums, university and the green of lakes and boulevard. The green city of 36 streets, lakes, parks and ancient cultural monuments in the side of Red river. Areas of interests: Old quarter the original town, Political areas, French quarter, the citadel, the West Lake area and model…

Cultural and Spiritual Life

Architeture in Vietnam Traditional architecture. Colonism architecture. Traditional Music and Theater Traditional theaters: Cheo, Tuong, Cai luong. Traditional folk music and dance: Water puppet, royal music, Central highland “Cong chieng” music, Quan ho, Chau van, Don ca tai tu, folk songs. Handycraft Diversity in material and design, those bring Vietnamese souls. The famous product: ceramic, lacquer ware, bamboo product, silk, wood carving products. Religious Vietnamese spiritual life. Chinese influence of…

Natural Beauty

The Mountains and Forest Biodiversity Vietnam is a country rich in natural bio-diversity of mountainous area as well as on the sea. Vietnam National parks: Cuc Phuong National park; Hoang Lien Son National park; Cat Ba National parks; Bai Tu Long National parks; Pa Co – Hang Kia natural reserve; Pu Luong National park; Ba Be National park; Ben En National park; Pu Mat National parks; Bach Ma National park;…

People and Daily Life

Vietnamese and Ethnics The majority of Vietnam named Viet or “Kinh” found the National characters. Khome and Cham are the people in the Center and the South.More than 50 ethnic minorities are Mountain Tribes in Northern highland and Central highland. Traditional Dress Traditional dresses of the North, the Center and the South. Ethnic dresses and their brocade are the special art. Cuisines Vietnam traditional cooking is the taste of the…

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